Virupaksha temple is located in hampi in the ballari district of karnataka, india. It is part of the group of monuments at hampi, designated as a UNESCO world heritage site. The temple is dedicated to lord virupaksha, a form of shiva. The temple was built by lakkan dandesha, a nayaka (chieftain) under the ruler deva raya II also known as prauda deva raya of the vijayanagara empire.
Hampi, capital of the vijayanagara empire, sits on the banks of the tungabhadra river. Virupaksha temple is the main center of pilgrimage at hampi, and had been considered the most sacred sanctuary over the centuries. It is intact among the surrounding ruins and is still used in worship . The temple is dedicated to lord shiva, known here as virupaksha, as the consort of the local goddess pampadevi who is associated with the tungabhadra River. There is also a virupakshini amma temple (mother goddess) in a village called nalagamapalle, chittoor district , andhra pradesh, approximately 100 km from tirupati.
10 powerful vastu & fengshui features of the temple
1. The temple is built on the western part of a rectangular plot extending from east to west .
2. It has to its southwest some structures ( viharas ) relating to jainism at an altitude of about six feet .
3. Passage to main entrance passes through four intermediate entrances towards east
4. The function podium ( mandapa ) has entry points in north as well as in south .
5. In the northwest of the temple there is a the tomb of swamy vidyaranya the founder of the city of vijaynagar .
6. The temple of goddess paravathi is located to the north of virupaksha temple and it has to its east the temple of goddess bhuvaneshwari.
7. Pond in the north east of the temple complex used for boat festival .
8. Hillocks to the south of the temple
9. The greatest positive feature is that the river tungabhadra flows in north side from west to east .
10. The tower in east has mandapas or podiums to its north and north east which are contigious to the compound wall in the north and the tower in east .
Sri bhramaramba mallikarjuna temple or srisailam temple is a hindu temple dedicated to the deities shiva and parvati, located at srisailam in indian state of andhra pradesh . It is significant to the hindu sects of both shaivam and shaktam as this temple is referred to as one of the twelve jyothirlingas of lord shiva and as one of the eighteen shakti peethas of goddess parvati. Shiva is worshiped as mallikarjuna, and is represented by the lingam. His consort parvati is depicted as bhramaramba. It is the one of the only three temples in india in which both jyotirlinga and shaktipeeth is revered.It is on vriabhagiri of nallamala hills in kurnool district . It is at an altitude of 458 metres above the sea level . The plateau is nearly 85 sq m in area .
Three positive parameters the temple is second to tirupati
- On four side of the temple there is lofty and strong compound
- The eastern and northern roads are soped towards north and east making the north east gradient
- Three kilometres away from the temple the krishna flows in north east as uttara vahini .
1. Gems & jewels can be available on earth only by five sources divine , organic , metamorphic , sedimentary & through chemical process . Nagmani comes under organic gems as it is crated within the body of the living creatures the snake few other examples of organic gems / pearls are as follows , oysters ( chandra mani ) , conches ( shanka mani ) , fishes ( matsya mani ) , in the projection of elephants forehead ( gaja mani ) , in boar teeth ( varaha mani ) etc .
2. According to the reference found in vrihatsamhita, a major book of astrology, manidhari snakes exist in the world. Since such serpents are rare to meet, it is said that maniadhari is not a serpent. Now whatever is the truth but many interesting things are told about nagamani in vrihatsamhita. Which makes one think about whether nagmani actually happens. Many things have been said about nagamani in vrihatsamhita.
3. Sarpamani, also known as nagamani, is situated on the head of this particular serpent.
4. “Nagamukta”,“ nagamani” or nagamanickam is mentioned in classics like garuda puranam1, brihat sahinta 2 , rajavallbha 3 as well.
5. Vrahamihira ( 505-587 ) who was a famous astrologer, mathematician and astronomer in ujjain wrote in his brihat sahinta. Snakes born in the clan of taksak and vasuki sometimes carry a lustrous, shiny stone on their hoods which radiates blue light. These snakes are swechacharis, which means they just roam anywhere on their wish. In sloka 27 of Muktalasksndhaya, he remarks that the possessor of such a stone is benefitted by wealth. His enemies are thwarted and he achieves fame and victory.
6. Garudpuranam, another ancient treatise mentions nagamuktas as pearls which adorn a serpent’s crest. They are finely round and highly shining, and they reflect a beautiful blue halo like the flash of a polished sword.
7. Difference between a Sarpa and a Naga. “Srip” means crawling on earth and the word sarpa originates from Srip. “Naga” means something that is near a mountain (na + agah = naga). Anything which cannot stay still is naga. Sarpa means every serpent that crawls, while Naga only refers to hooded snakes. The nagas and their varieties are mentioned in the tenth chapter of “Atharvaveda 4”.
8. According to classics snake pearls are only found with hooded nagas and no ordinary snakes.
9. There are seventeen different species that can be found in Vedas which are related to Naga family. Varahmihira mentiones two of those species in sloka 25 of his Muktalasksndhaya.
10. Hajar alhayyat or snake stone is also been quoted by the arab writer kazwini as the one being the size of a small nut.